Fashion refers to a stylish appearance or trend in something, most notably clothing. Fashion can also refer to general politeness conventions that society adheres to, as well as a mindset or manner. Fashion can also refer to the act of creating something. Fashion can also be used as a noun and a verb.
Agile Marketing is the manufacturing of clothing using a customizable production system. Workers in modular production are arranged into teams that collaborate to deliver an a whole outfit.
The modular method is more efficient and flexible than the bundle systems, where the one employee undertakes an assembly assignment, then bundles or combines the components together and moves them to the next worker who performs another part of the task.
A-Line is a style line for clothing in which the dress or skirt fits at the shoulder or waist and progressively flares out to a broader hemline, resembling the letter A. Christian Dior created the first A-line dresses in the 1950s.
Apparel Ranges of Prices
The classification of clothing categories based on price. The smallest category is low end, followed by budget, moderate, better, bridge, and designer.
The technique Appliqué uses cutouts from textile textiles, you can embellish the base material by adding them to a different fabric or clothing. The base fabric is most frequently bonded to the ornamental fabrics by sewing, but adhesive can also be used. Appliqué patterns are often used in quilting, and both fashion designers and fabric artists frequently employ this method.
Term used to describe the armhole of a garment in sewing and design.
Asymmetrical designs are when one side of a piece of clothing is structurally distinct from the other. Symmetrical designs are when both sides are identical. Areas like collars, necklines, closures, or hemlines may exhibit asymmetry.
Balaclava is a knitted hat that only exposes the face or a portion of the face worn by individuals who are outside during a harsh winter. The Battle of Balaclava, waged in the Crimean War in the middle of the nineteenth century, inspired the name of this headgear, which was first worn by military men in cold weather.
A basket bag is any purse that resembles a basket. This traditional form can be created using wicker similar to that found in baskets, a number of organic or synthetic materials that have been intricately woven together, or even plastic or leather that has been molded into the shape of a basket.
A basque is the portion of a fitting jacket or bodice underneath the waist. Basques can be any length, can be fitting or full, and can be placed in a specific area, such the back or front, or all over, unlike a peplum, which spreads out just at the waist and is generally short. They are an essential component of the top of the garment’s construction.
Batik is a manual textile decoration method that involves waxing certain areas of the fabric. Only the unwaxed portion of the fabric absorbs the dye when it is submerged in a dyebath. The wax is taken out.
If the pattern calls for a different color, the fabric is immersed in the dye once more to add the new hue after applying wax once more to the area that needs protection from the dye. The artisan is free to do this as often as they choose.
The term “batik” is an Indonesian word, and it describes the cloth made using this technique in that country, which features traditional patterns and hues. Western clothes frequently use machine reproductions of these motifs as inspiration.
A Batwing or Dolman Sleeve, is a sleeve that is snug at the wrists but becomes very voluminous beneath the arm. The sleeve looks a cape from the back. Its name refers to its likeness to a bat wing or to a kind of coat popular in the late 1800’s with a cape-like sleeve.
The diagonal line of a woven fabric is known as bias. Fabrics stretch greater in the bias direction than in the width or length unless they are made from stretch yarns.
By adjusting the fabric’s bias sections so that they fall in ways that make the designs fit the figure more snugly or drape into voluminous folds, designers can benefit from this stretch. Bias patterns were a specialty of the 1912–1940 active designer Madeline Vionnet.
A simple sleeve cut with little fullness that is put into the armhole and gradually spreads to the wrist before being gathered into a snug cuff. In other renditions, the thickness at the wrist is concentrated so that a significant portion hangs down beneath the wrist.
Blucher is a style of oxford (closed-toe shoe) where the tongue and vamp (the shoe’s front portion) are fused into one piece.
(1) adj. Term for any piece of clothing that closely fits the body (such as a body suit or body garments) or jewelry worn on different parts of the person (i.e. body jewelry). (2) n. The firm, compact, and flexible texture of a fabric.
Boiled wool is treated wool fabric that is made to be more compact and dense. This is accomplished by applying heat, pressure, and moisture to the woven fabric. The procedure is known as fulling in technical language.
Although any sort of hat can be referred to as a “bonnet” informally, this term is typically reserved for head coverings for women and children that hide the back and top of the head and typically knot under the chin.
Despite being frequently used for children and infants, bonnet-style head covers for women are now rather uncommon. The poke bonnet, which had a face-covering, extraordinarily wide brim and a very high crown, was one of the more striking hats of the 19th century.
Brand and Trademark
A product’s producer or distributor will give it a name, label, or logo that they refer to as its “brand.” A trademark is a name, symbol, or other distinguishing feature that the owner assigns to a good or service.
A trademark can be registered to prevent another person or business from using the name or symbol. If a brand is registered with the Department of Commerce’s U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, it may qualify as a trademark.
Trademarks cannot be chosen or registered in preparation of usage in the United States due to the requirement that the products or services being protected by the mark must have already been sold.
Products can be trademarked in a lot of different nations before being used. General phrases that are used frequently, like “silk,” “pants,” or “beauty,” cannot be trademarked. Symbols are used to identify registered trademarks.
The symbols are SM for services, TM for goods, and ®, which is only used when the trademark has been registered. Trademark registrations provide 20 years of protection and are renewed.
A horizontal band of cloth or trimming that extends from the middle of the waist to the outside margins of the shoulders, resembling a turned-back collar or revers.
Bugle Beads are extended tubular beads that are frequently used as embellishments on clothing and colors can differ.
Bustier is a corset-like piece of clothing that functions as both a brassiere and a waist tighten. Either it reaches the hips or finishes at the waist. It is presently worn as a woman’s top, is typically strapless, and can be fashioned of highly ornate fabric. Formerly an undergarment known as a merry widow.
(1) A broad phrase for the fullness in a skirt’s back.
(2) A component of an undergarment intended to support the rear of a skirt. From roughly 1870 to 1890, bustles played a significant role in the design of women’s skirts. Periodically, designers reintroduce back fullness, particularly for evening dresses.
Buttonholes are the slit that a button slides through to seal a garment. The buttonhole must be completed in certain ways to make it secure and prevent raveling.
Worked buttonholes are completed with a close, secure stitch that is either hand- or machine-embroidered around the buttonhole’s edge. Because this location will experience more stress, worked buttonholes frequently have more strong stitches where the button will lay.
In order to create bound buttonholes, which are typically found on more costly coats and suits, thin strips of fabric or leather are sewn around the opening region, pulled inside the garment, and then the folded edge of the strip is visible from the outside.
In cases where the fabric or leather used to make the garment has a different shade, the buttonhole takes on the role of an accessory.
These three abbreviations all refer to computer-based technology that is utilized in the creation and/or production of clothing. Specifically, CAD, CAM, and CIM stand for computer-aided design, manufacturing, and integration, respectively.
Computer-aided design (CAD) software facilitates the design stage and allows the designer to experiment with many ideas for styles, colors, fabrics, etc.
CAM applications assist with manufacturing chores, and when CAD and CAM are used together, a design can progress from conception to pattern preparation, master planning for cutting the material, grading designs to different sizes, cutting the fabric, and sewing.
When it’s important to transfer data from the design and manufacturing process to the subsequent stage, CIM solves any issues that can arise. In computer-integrated manufacturing, the various programs communicate directly to ensure that data moves easily, accurately, and promptly along the process of production.
A camisole was a waist-length undergarment used over a corset in the 19th century. Typically, it had wide straps that were drawnstring-tied at the top border. It was frequently embellished with lace or eyelet needlework. The phrase can now be used to describe any undergarment that is placed over a brassiere and ends at the waist. Camisole tops are blouses or tops cut in a manner like the vintage camisole.
A headcovering that typically has a visor at the front and is worn for less formal events or sports and fits the head rather snugly compared to a hat. Caps are typically constructed of leather or cloth, most frequently felt. They can occasionally be found on sports or military outfits, and like baseball caps, they may gain widespread acceptance among the general public too.
Chinese clothing with a body-hugging fit, a side slit that may extend as far as the thigh, an elevated, standing collar, short sleeves, a diagonal front closure with buttons or cloth frogs, and a diagonal front closure. This outfit, which dates back to the 1930s, was an attempt to meld Western and Chinese fashion.
A chine, or warp print, is a printing technique in which a design is printed on the lengthwise (warp) threads on the loom before the crosswise (weft) yarns are added. The final print appears foggy and hazy. used primarily for robes and other highly ornamental clothing.
A dart is a V-shaped tuck that is stitched into a garment to shape the cloth and make it fit the body’s rounded areas. The bustline, the rear shoulder, the waist, and the hipline are where darts are most frequently found.
DIM Financing (Deferred-Interest Mortgage) is an abbreviation for debtor-in-possession financing, which is funding received by a person or business filing for bankruptcy under Chapter 11. If such finance is acquired, a company might be able to avoid liquidation and find a route out of bankruptcy.
D’orsay Shoe or Slipper
D’orsay Shoe, or slipper, is used to describe any shoe with a closed toe and heel but a side cutout that exposes the sole. Any kind of heel and any form of vamp can be used to create it (front). The type is one of many that bear the name of the Count d’Orsay, a well-dressed dandy who lived in Paris in the middle of the nineteenth century.
(1) n. When a garment is designed, ease refers to the fullness added to the design to ensure a comfortable fit.
(2) v. Bringing together two pieces of clothing that are of different sizes by very slowly folding or collecting the border where the pieces will meet.
Embroidery is the use of a wide range of decorative hand- or machine-stitches with the same or a different color to embellish a fabric. Various embroidery designs are frequently linked to particular ethnic or geographic groupings.
Just below the bustline is where the waistline is located. The name of this fashion is derived from the high-waisted fashions that were fashionable during the French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte’s reign (1804-1814).
Espadrille is a shoe with a rope sole and a canvas upper. The word is now used to describe a variety of shoe types with canvas uppers and what seems to be rope-like soles. The original style was a slip-on shoe, frequently with lengthy shoelaces that tied from around ankle.
(1) v. To give the edge of a section of a garment, such as the neckline, a smooth texture by applying a shaped piece of cloth, typically turned inside. The component that was applied is known as a facing.
(2) n. A textile fabric’s exterior surface.
Factoring is a method of doing business that enables a manufacturing to have consistent cash flow. In order to give the manufacturer access to cash right away without having to wait for payment, the factor (an agent) buys the money owing to the manufacturer (that is, accounts receivable) at a discounted price. The factor collects the full amount owing to the manufacturer and keeps the difference between the purchase price and the selling price as profit.
“Fashion” is a term frequently used to refer to the most recent fashion in clothes, while sociologists and other academics who study fashion are more inclined to use a definition that indicates that fashion contains two aspects. It has two characteristics:
(1) it is widely accepted; and
(2) it enjoys widespread acceptability for only a brief time. Not all cultures and historical times have had fashion. In Western Europe, it appears to have started in the late medieval ages. Fashions of the time were created by the nobles, and lower class people imitated upper class fashions (this is known as the “trickle down theory of fashion”).
The less wealthy members of society can now start a trend, and this phenomenon is known as “bottom up” or “percolate up” fashion shift.
Instead of having one uniform style for everyone, today’s consumers, particularly the young, are more likely to dress in ways that indicate their membership in a specific group or fashion tribe. This expression appears to have been created by writer Ted Polhemus. Punks, goths, hip-hop enthusiasts, and raver are a few instances of some of the most well-known youth style tribes.
A frog, is a cord or braid-based ornamental closure for a garment. A huge, decorative knot is tied on one end of the region that has to be closed and a loop is formed on the other. The loop is cut through by the knot. In designs with Chinese influences, this closing method is frequently utilized.
(1) A very decorative braid with both sides finished in the same manner that is frequently created in gold, silver, or other metal hues. It has been used frequently as evening wear embellishment and is occasionally embellished with gems or colored stones.
(2) Lace that has ends on both sides that match.
(3) Narrow-width tape or braid that is used as trimming.
Gathers, is a technique for spreading fullness in a specific area of a garment that involves sewing a row of loose stitches, tugging the thread, and sliding the fabric along the thread to create soft folds and reduce the fabric’s width. Three or more rows of parallel gathers are used in shirring to manipulate fullness and create a decorative look.
Generic Fiber Name
The name of a natural or synthetic textile fiber or collection of fibers that the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) has designated for regulatory and categorization purposes. Cotton, silk, and wool are a few examples of natural fiber names, and wool encompasses all varieties of animal hair fibers.
Chemically speaking, manufactured fibers can be categorized into groupings like nylon, polyester, and acrylic. A trademark name may be given to modifications of the generic fiber produced by several manufacturers. For instance, LycraTM is a brand name for a spandex fiber, even though spandex is a basic fiber type.
Gimp is a specific kind of braid with a thick center core and a lighter outer layer of fiber that is organized into a pattern on the surface of clothing, sewed into place, and creates an elevated decorative region.
A Godet is a triangle-shaped piece of cloth which is tucked into the bottom edge of a skirt or sleeve to provide more fullness, be it flared or for ornamentation.
A gore is a triangular-shaped piece of fabric used to gradually add volume to clothing. Usually, there are two or more gores in a skirt. They enable a tighter fit over the hips and gradually widen towards the bottom of the garment.
Ground is a textile fabric’s background. The phrase can be used to refer to a base upon which a textile pattern has been produced, a base upon which lace or embroidery designs are applied, a base upon which a pile of fabrics or yarns are attached, or a base upon which interwoven yarns are woven crosswise and lengthwise.
A tiny diamond-shaped piece of fabric that is sewed into the crotch of pants or the underarm of a sleeve. These places are frequently confined, stressed and handles more wear and tear. There is more width and stretch thanks to the gusset to prevent tearing. As a result, these seams are less vulnerable to tearing and strengthens the material.
The word “hat” is sometimes used as a general synonym for “headwear,” but among hat manufacturers, it is more frequently used to describe a head covering with a crown and a brim that does not knot under the chin. A toque is a type of hat that is either brimless or has a very narrow brim. The fedora, a felt hat with a moderately wide brim and a soft crown with a soft front to back crease, and the homburg, a stiffer felt hat with a narrower, slightly rolled brim with a more rigid front to back crease, are two examples of classic men’s hat designs.
Cap with a strip of cloth running from the back edge of the cap to the bottom of the neck, typically with a visor. Soldiers stationed in regions of the world with harsh sunlight at first wore this cap as part of their uniform. Since there have been new worries about the risks of prolonged sun exposure, people have started using this cap for sports and outdoor activities.
Hems are the lower edge of a piece of clothing that has had some form of sewing applied to it so it covers the raw edge. Some of the more popular hem styles include the plain hem, which is turned up and sewn into place, the rolled hem, which is used on sheer or delicate fabrics and is rolled up by hand into a narrow hem and stitched with tiny hand stitches, and the faced hem, which is completed by stitching a piece of fabric to the bottom of the garment edge and then turning up to the underside and sewing into place.
A hoop, or a crinoline, is a garment used below a large skirt to support it. Its composition varies. It could be a succession of hoops with progressively bigger diameters that start below the midsection and extend to the hem. These hoops are stitched into a petticoat or connected by vertical tapes. Alternately, the outfit could be a stiff-fabric petticoat. Crinoline, a term often used interchangeably with this type of petticoat, was first used to describe a stiff fabric composed of horsehair. Hoops are used beneath evening wear and wedding dresses today, but they were a significant component of a woman’s wardrobe in the 1860s.
Just-In-Time Manufacturing is a manufacturing process in which raw materials are created precisely when they are needed for production and/or sale. As a result, expensive inventory storage is not needed. This approach is made possible by digital records and information about inventory, stock and needs.
Lace and Tatting
Knotting is used to create lace and tatting. Today, most lace is produced by machines. Either a broad piece of fabric or a series of narrow pieces can be used to create it. Bobbin (also known as pillow) or needlepoint lace were the two types of handmade lace.
By winding thread on tiny bobbins and weaving the threads around pins set in a pattern on a unique lace-making pillow, bobbin lace was created. In needlepoint lace, a thread is wound around a rigid parchment paper pattern. It is secured with tiny stitches.
Next, a needle and thread are used to stitch the background, which secures the design thread. Once finished, the holding stitches (the stitches holding the thread) are removed, and the lace is taken out of the pattern.
Different lace patterns evolved in various locations and were typically named after the place where they were first created. Tatting is a manual craft in which the artist uses a tiny shuttle to create loops and patterns out of thread looped on it. Tatting is typically thin and used for trimming.
Leg-of-Mutton Sleeve has a top that is quite full and is gathered or pleated into the shoulders before gradually tapering to a precise fit at the wrist. When 1890s fashion revivals are in vogue, this style frequently becomes popular. A gigot sleeve, which is the French term for a lamb leg, is another name for it.
One of several words with different interpretations in the fashion industry.
(1) n. Describes the silhouette of an article of clothing, as in “The dress has a basic line.”
(2) v. Placing a piece of fabric on the inside of a garment to conceal the construction details. This fabric may be visible in a coat or jacket, or it may be concealed inside a dress.
(3) n. Clothing created and made by a manufacturer or designer specifically for a season or time period. A synonym for collection, it is more frequently used in high fashion.
A manufacturer’s secondary line is made up of a cheaper selection of garments that are marketed to a market distinct from the core line.
A loafer is a traditional slip-on shoe in the moccasin form with a front strap with slots. The strap is sewn to the shoe’s vamp (front). The shoe is referred to as a penny loafer if the strap has a coin placed in the slot. Tassel-top loafers are defined as having a tassel at the front.
The shoe is sometimes referred to as a chain loafer when a metal chain is attached to the strap. Gold metal hardware is a characteristic feature of GucciTM loafers.
Lyocell fiber is a cellulose-based fiber that has been regenerated. TencelTM and Lyocell by LenzingTM are the brand names for this fiber.
Despite being categorized by the Federal Trade Commission as a generic fiber, lyocell is actually a subcategory of rayon because of how similar it is to rayon. It is produced using a method that is more environment conscious than rayon, dyes well in a variety of colors, is easy to handle, and has had positive consumer reception.
Macrame is a manual method for creating little fabric pieces and trims by knotting two to four or more yarns, threads, or cords in a variety of ornamental patterns. The most popular places to find MacramTM are on belts, handbags, vests, and as trims. Beads can occasionally be seen combining into cloth designs.
Manufactured Fiber is any fiber which is created by an industrial process and is not found in nature. Natural resources that can’t be used for textiles in their native form are converted into regenerated fibers. Examples of products created from wood chips or cotton linters include rayon and lyocell. Fibers known as linters are too short to be spun into yarn. Chemicals are used to create synthetic fibers such as nylon and polyester.
Markup is a garment’s amount that separates the cost of production from the price at which it will be sold. The sales price is typically twice as expensive as the manufacturing cost. A short markup is one that is less than this amount.
Messenger bags are typically designed to resemble messenger bags and typically have a large central compartment with a zipper. The front is covered by a flap that folds down and fastens with a buckle or snap. Courier bags are smaller variations of these bags.
Minaudiere is a purse for the evening made of metal components that are frequently richly embellished with gemstones, metalwork, or other ornamental techniques. These bags come in a variety of shapes, although they are frequently square, oval, or oblong and are frequently carried by a short chain.
A mule is a shoe or slipper with a vamp, or fitted front, but no rear, typically manufactured with a high heel. Any of the many various styles can be used to create the shoe’s front. The heel’s height can change.
Non-Wovens are fabrics not made by weaving, knitting, crocheting, or tying knots. The majority of nonwovens are fiber webs kept together by mechanical forces, thermal bonds, chemical solvents, or adhesives. Felt is the oldest non-woven fabric. Felt is one of the oldest fabrics discovered in ancient sites. It is made from wool strands that will stick together when exposed to moisture, heat, and pressure. Today, wool or other fibers are used to make it. If it’s made of a material other than wool, it needs to undergo further processing to bind the fibers together. Another non-woven product manufactured by pre-industrial humans from the fibrous inner bark of some trees is called tapa or bark cloth. There is no commercial production of this fabric.
Open orders are orders placed with a manufacturer by a retailer that are not required to be shipped by the stipulated delivery date. These orders, which commit to a given monetary amount but not to specific colors, sizes, or styles, are frequently less precise.
Open to Ship
Open to Ship is the quantity of goods required to fulfill anticipated purchases is determined in the planning and record-keeping processes by retailers.
Open-to-Buy is when a buyer estimates the price of the quantity of a specific sort of goods that he or she intends to order within a predetermined time frame. The money spent is determined after some of that merchandise, but not all of it, has been ordered. The cost difference between orders that have already been placed and orders that were planned is then calculated. This amount is referred to as “open-to-buy.” Order changes can be made using the open-to-buy money, which also offers some flexibility.
Oxford is a simple shoe design that can be fastened with laces or another type of fastener. The styling and cut specifics will differ. The phrase was originally used by shoemakers to differentiate between boots and low cut shoes. Today, the closing on the shoe is the key point of distinction.
A Pagoda Sleeve resembles an Asian structure called a Pagoda. The sleeve is thin at the top, tightly fitting the upper arm, and gradually widens to resemble a pagoda at the bottom. This sleeve type may also be referred to as a funnel sleeve because of its funnel-like design.
Panniers is a skirt-holding hoops that rest on the hips and extend at the sides. The initial paniers used in the 18th century were named after under supports made of materials resembling baskets and are now used for evening and bridal gowns (French paniers means basket). Although the name was spelled panniers in England, the objects were most frequently referred to as hoops.
Peplum is a ruffle or flared portion that sits just below the waist and is a part of a jacket’s or blouse’s construction. A separate portion that is fastened to a belt may serve as the peplum instead of being sewed to the bodice or cut into one with the bodice.
Loops, tufts created by cutting loops, extra yarns that have been cut, or fibers woven into a garment so that they will protrude from the surface to create the surface texture.
The pile of these fabrics is frequently brushed in a single direction, and garment pieces manufactured from them must be cut in the same way or the surface would reflect light and cause the color of the item to appear to vary.
Some fabrics have pile all over, while others simply have pile in specific spots to create patterns. Cut velvets are velvet fabrics with pile patterns in specific locations.
It is important to distinguish between pile and nap, which is the brushing up of fiber ends on a fabric’s surface.
A placket is a cutout or opening that makes it possible to put on clothing. The most typical locations for brackets are the wrist, top of a skirt, neck, or front of a pair of pants. A hem or overlapping sections that conceal the placket can be used to finish them. A placket frequently includes fasteners like VelcroTM, buttons, snaps, hooks, and zippers.
A pleat is a folded cloth used to adjust fullness that is either sewn down or kept in place by another structural feature. Typically, several pleats are gathered together. A blouse, skirt, or pair of pants may have pleats.
Pleats come in a wide variety of styles.
The most popular types of pleats include: knife pleats, which have edges that face in the same direction and are pressed to keep them; box pleats, which have edges that face in opposite directions; inverted pleats, which have edges brought together at a center line; sunburst or accordian pleats, which are narrower at the top and wider at the bottom; and kick pleats, which are typically one pleat positioned at the bottom of a narrow skirt.
Polonaise is a skirt style in which an underskirt is covered by an overskirt that has been stretched to the side, looped up, and puffed up. It is utilized primarily for evening and wedding gowns now days.
A Pouch Bag is a traditional purse that resembles a soft pouch. Pouch bags can have various kinds of longer or shorter straps and are typically made from either leather or fabric. They occasionally have inflexible handles and are mounted on a frame. They could have zippers or drawstrings to close them.
A Princess Line is a type of clothing in which there is no waistline seam and the pieces of the garment are all cut as one from shoulder to hem. Cutting the pieces such that the seams produce the shape and inserting darts where appropriate allow for a close body fit. Charles Worth, a fashion designer best known for creating garments for the Empress (princess) Eugenie of France in the middle of the nineteenth century, is credited with creating the look.
Quick Response (QR)
Quick Response (QR), is a manufacturing system that allows for quick product manufacture and delivery thanks to electronic communications. By using Quick Response technology, the domestic textile and clothing industry is now able to supply goods in a few days or weeks instead of the months that were previously necessary.
Raglan is widely used sleeve design in which the front and back underarm seams of the sleeve extend to the neckline. According to legend, this design got its start when Lord Raglan, a British general in the Crimean War, had coats made for himself with this sleeve after losing an arm in the charge of the Light Brigade in 1854.
Returns To Vendor (RTV)
Products that customers return to the seller from whom they purchased them.
The term “ruching” is now used to describe clothing that has huge full portions that are gathered in to create a rippling impression. Ruching was historically a trim created by pleating cloth bands and sewing the pleats in place.
These bands were sewed to the garment in a number of places.
The seam is the area where two pieces of fabric are connected during stitching. On the front of a garment, this leaves a line that is somewhat visible.
Depending on the type of fabric used, the amount of stress exerted on the seam, and whether the seam is an aesthetic aspect of the design, several seam constructions are employed. The most popular seam kinds include the ones listed below.
Putting the right sides of two clothing parts together and stitching the seam on the fabric’s underside creates a plain seam. The seam will be on the inside of the clothing when the parts are opened.
To keep the seam from rabbing, some sort of seam treatment might be required.
Sturdy blue jeans frequently feature a level felled seam or a faux flat felled seam. It includes a second row of stitching that keeps the seam down, making it a highly strong seam.
French seams require multiple stages, starting with sewing a seam on the right side of the material, then putting the right sides of the cloth together and adding another row of stitching to enclose the first seam. French seams are used on extremely sheer and fragile textiles.
Sew By is the prototype dress made by a contractor that will produce this kind of dress for a manufacturer. The manufacturer can then assess whether the contractor’s clothing meets the same quality standards as the sample by comparing it to it.
Shibori is a technique for embellishing cloth that involves sewing and creating gathers before dyeing the fabric. The stitching is taken out and the wrinkled regions are liberated after dying. The dye absorbs in the sections that are stitched and gathered together, giving these fabrics their distinctively asymmetrical patterns.
Shift is a plain, straight-lined dress style that does not fit closely to the body. incredibly prevalent in the 1960s and other eras when unfitted clothing is in vogue. Incorporating a diagonal dart that runs from the side seam to the bustline was one of this style’s innovations in the 1960s. In contrast, a sheath is a straightforward, straight-lined, fitted dress with vertical darts, bust darts, and side seam shaping for the fit.
Signature Bag is a handbag which is considered a status symbol, that features a high fashion designer or company’s signature, initials, or emblem in a pattern that covers the entire surface of the bag or that is carefully placed so it is visible.
These bags are frequently offered by street vendors as knockoffs.
Sourcing is deciding where, how, and when it will be possible to purchase textiles and/or clothing. Sources can be domestic or foreign in the global economy.
Soutache Braid is a flat braid that is typically quite narrow. Applied to areas of a garment to embellish them in rows or, more frequently, in intricate ornamental designs.
Spangles are decorative items with a hole that may be stitched onto a clothing, typically made of metal or plastic. The most popular varieties of spangles are paillettes, which are bigger and manufactured in a variety of designs, and sequins, which are often spherical and very small. They are frequently used in conjunction with beads to adorn handbags, evening gowns, and other accessories.
Sportswear is a term has evolved to be used to describe to the broad category of casual wear, which is worn at any time of the day and for a wide range of activities. Originally meant to refer to clothing for active sports, and then to clothing used to watch athletic events. Today, clothing for active sports is more frequently referred to as “activewear.” Many people think that American design has made a significant contribution to global clothing trends through sportswear.
Stitch-bonded textiles are either yarn networks or fiber webs that are kept together through sewing or knitting through the underlying material, and are frequently categorized as nonwoven fabrics.
The first such product was given the trademark Malimo in East Germany. Sewing or knitting stitches can be used to hold together warp and weft yarns laid across one another without interlacing, to attach pile yarns to a woven or knitted substrate, or to sew a web of fibers together to create stitch-bonded materials.
These materials can be used to make industrial, domestic, and clothing textiles. They are more affordable than knitting or weaving since they can be made faster and with less yarn or fiber.
Stock Keeping Units (SKU)
Stock Keeping Units (SKU) is a word used in inventory management and record-keeping where things are tagged with a specific unit that the retailer wants to monitor. One SKU would consist of just objects with the same style, color, size, and other specifications.
For instance, a dark blue shirt in medium size would be given a different SKU than the same shirt in large.
Stock on Hand
Stock on hand are the goods that are currently on hand and for sale at the store or other outlet.
The Textile Fiber Products Identification Act is known by the acronym TFPIA. The Federal Trade Commission is mandated by this law to regulate the labeling of textile items’ fiber content.
The following details must be included on the label: Every fiber in the textile must be listed on the label as a percentage of the total amount of fiber and by generic name (trademark names may also be provided, but they are not essential).
The largest quantity must be listed first, followed by the next largest quantity, etc. Unless a fiber, such as an elastic fiber, has a defined function or use in the fabric, less than 5% of a given fiber must be labeled as “other fiber.”
Nothing on the labeling can allude to a fiber that is not a component of the product. Both the name or phone number of the manufacturer and the nation of origin must be mentioned.
Tie Dye is a technique for embellishing clothing or fabric that involves wrapping string or another material around specific spots to keep the dye from soaking in.
The knotted region does not absorb the dye; the uncovered part does. The fabric can be knotted in other places and dipped in a different colour dye to provide colorful effects.
You can carry out this procedure as frequently as needed. When tie-dyed fabrics are in style, machine printing is frequently used to imitate these patterns.
A Tuck is a technique for controlling fullness in clothing that involves folding the material and sewing a row of stitches perpendicular to the fold.
At the conclusion of the stitching, fullness is released. Tucks and pleats are similar, although tucks are typically smaller, with widths of only an inch or less.
Numerous tucks are frequently made in the same spot. Sometimes they are used as adornment on the outside of clothing.
Watteau Back is the back of an item of clothing with center-back box pleats, the fabric from which cascades freely to the bottom of the item.
The 18th-century French painter Jean Antoine Watteau, who depicted women wearing dresses with this design element in his works, is credited with giving this fashion its name.
It wasn’t until the 19th century that the name was given to these patterns. The look is still in demand today, especially for robes and nightgowns.
There are numerous techniques to assemble fabrics made from strands spun on a loom.
On the loom, lengthwise or warp yarns are positioned first, followed by crosswise or weft (also known as filler) yarns that are woven together with the warps.
The three fundamental weaves are satin, twill, and plain weave. In a plain weave, the first row of weft yarns crosses over one warp yarn, beneath one, over one, etc. across the fabric’s width.
The weft was carried over the first warp, beneath the second, under the third, etc. in the second row. The first row’s pattern is continued in the third row.
The easiest weave is this one.
Many various fabrics can be created by altering the types, colors, and sizes of the yarns used.
A version of the plain weave known as the basket weave can be created by crossing multiple rows of weft threads across multiple rows of warp strands at once.
Weft and warp threads interlace in a predetermined regular manner to create the twill weave. The outcome is a cloth with a diagonal surface line known as a wale.
In a pattern that doesn’t result in a diagonal line, weft strands for the satin weave float over warp yarns and then interlace with them.
The distinctive sheen of satin fabrics is made possible by the use of loosely twisted filament strands with high luster.
Weft and Warp Knits
Knitting is the process of making fabrics out of yarn by creating intertwined loops. Knits can be created using groups of yarns or one long, continuous yarn (like in hand knitting).
Yarns weave together and run across the fabric in weft knits. The strands run or intertwine in the lengthwise direction in warp knits.
Weft knitting can be done by hand, but it can also be done on a machine. Warp knits are less elastic than weft knits. A run or ladder emerges longitudinally if stitches are broken.
Yarns are fabrics that are made by contorting or binding fibers together. Fibers used to make yarn can be long, continuous strands called filaments that can be warped together loosely or tightly.
Filament yarns are made from silk or synthetic fibers. Short, staple fibers (cut into short lengths of cotton, wool, linen, or factory – made fibers or silk) must be twisted to form a yarn.
Yarns are classified based on the number of parts. A single yarn is one single yarn, a ply yarn is two or more individual yarns twisted together, and a cord yarn is two or more ply yarns twisted together.
Simple yarns are those that have a consistent surface and diameter. Novelty or fancy yarns are those made to make decorative effects.
A novelty yarn can be a single yarn, such as slub yarn, with some parts twisted tightly and others more loosely, or a ply yarn, such as bouclé yarn, with a decorative yarn making irregular, elegant loops around a base yarn.
A huge variety of yarns and decorative effects can be formed by varying the structure of the yarns.